Digestive System Disorders Often Experienced – Digestive system disorders can cause discomfort. However, this health problem usually has similar symptoms, making it difficult to identify. Knowing the various common digestive diseases can help you identify the condition more easily.
Indigestion can be caused by many things. Starting from infection, consumption of drugs, to genetic factors. Then, what are the digestive system disorders that generally occur in Indonesia?
Various types of digestive system disorders that often occur
A number of digestive system diseases that are quite common in Indonesia include:
Diarrhea is a condition of increased frequency of bowel movements (BAB) accompanied by a watery stool texture. Other symptoms include abdominal cramps, bloating, nausea, to the presence of blood in the stool.
The causes of digestive system disorders are very diverse. Starting from the consumption of food that has been contaminated with bacteria or parasites, the side effects of drugs (such as antibiotics), to medical procedures (such as surgery for the stomach area).
Heartburn is an uncomfortable condition in the stomach, such as pain or stinging. Ulcer symptoms are generally mild and appear when you consume certain foods and drinks, or when you are full or late to eat.
Most cases of ulcers can be cured without the help of a doctor. For example, by improving diet and avoiding triggers.
However, if the symptoms of an ulcer do not go away, interfere with routine, or often recur, you should consult a doctor to get a suitable treatment.
Constipation is a condition in which a person defecates less than three times per week with hard stool texture.
Digestive disease, also known as constipation, can occur for many reasons. Starting from lifestyle (such as drinking less water and eating fiber foods) to the influence of drugs (such as antacids or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
4. GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
GERD is acid reflux from the stomach up into the esophagus (gullet). Disturbance in the digestive system occurs due to the valve between the esophagus and stomach can not close properly (loose).
GERD can cause stomach acid to irritate the esophagus. When GERD recurs, patients may experience a burning sensation in the chest (heartburn), chest pain, nausea, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness of voice, and coughing.
5. Lactose Intolerance
Lactose intolerance is a condition in which the digestive system cannot digest a type of sugar in milk (lactose). This condition is more common in babies born prematurely, people with disorders of the small intestine.
If you are lactose intolerant and drink milk, you may experience a number of symptoms including diarrhea, nausea, stomach cramps, and bloating. This complaint generally occurs within 30 minutes after consumption of milk.
Gallstones are piles of hard material that form in the gallbladder. This small, pear-shaped pouch functions to release bile for digestive function.
Gallstones can form because bile contains too much cholesterol and metabolic waste. Indigestion can also occur when the release of bile is blocked.
The presence of stones in the gallbladder can cause severe pain in the upper right abdomen. However, this condition can be treated with medication or surgery.
Hemorrhoids are inflammation of the blood vessels at the end of the digestive tract (anal area). This condition is also called hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids.
Causes of digestive system disorders include chronic constipation, diarrhea, the habit of straining too hard during bowel movements, and lack of fiber in the daily diet.
Hemorrhoids can be characterized by the presence of blood during bowel movements, painful bowel movements, and itching in the rectal or anal area. This digestive disease can be overcome by living a healthy lifestyle and eating fiber-rich foods.
8. Stomach ulcer
Peptic ulcers are blisters (such as canker sores) that develop on the stomach wall. Causes are generally similar to gastritis, namely infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria or side effects of taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Common symptoms of peptic ulcers are upper abdominal pain and bloating. While other complaints include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, to black stool color can also occur.
IBD or inflammatory bowel disease is a condition in which there are chronic blisters in the digestive tract, generally in the large intestine. There are two types of diseases that are classified as IBD, namely Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
IBD can cause sufferers to experience abdominal pain, diarrhea, stools accompanied by blood, fever, fatigue, weight loss, to malnutrition (malnutrition).
However, the cause of this digestive system disorder is not known with certainty. Genetic factors to autoimmune responses are thought to be the trigger.
IBS or irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic digestive disease of the large intestine. The exact cause of this condition is not known. However, a number of factors can affect a person’s risk for experiencing it, such as intestinal muscle contractions, inflammation, severe infections, to changes in the bacteria in the gut.
IBS is often characterized by abdominal pain or cramping, bloating, diarrhea or constipation, and the presence of mucus in the stool. These symptoms are generally triggered by the consumption of certain foods, stress, or hormonal changes.
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